Fatty Liver Disease Treatments, News and Developments
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Hepatomegaly, or enlarged liver, is a condition in which (as the name suggests) the
liver is swollen or enlarged. Hepatomegaly can be symptomatic of many different liver
conditions, some of which are quite serious. Heptomagely is often one of the first
overt symptoms of liver disease, which can develop for a long time without any overt
symptoms at all, so that it has to be detected through blood tests and medical imaging.
When a symptom such as heptomegaly arises, the disease has progressed to a stage
where serious damage can be happening.
There are various causes -
But the next question is
The factors that make a person at greater risk for heptomegaly are the same factors that increase risk of liver disease, since the latter gives rise to the former.
At the top of the list of things that increase risk of liver disease is heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol in moderation is not normally a great risk for liver damage, but in large amounts (three or more drinks per day consistently), alcohol is the single most common cause of liver disease. Upon diagnosing liver disease, doctors will next determine whether alcohol is the cause of the problem or whether another cause must be sought.
Of other risk factors, the most significant is obesity, which also increases the risk of many other health problems. Type II diabetes (which is often associated with obesity) is another thing likely to increase the occurrence of liver disease. Drugs, both prescription medications and recreational drugs, can cause liver damage as well. Common culprits include medications to reduce cholesterol levels and certain antibiotics. Hereditary conditions can also cause liver damage, as can infectious diseases such as infectious hepatitis.
Strictly speaking, it's inaccurate to speak of "symptoms" of heptomegaly because heptomegaly is itself a symptom; however, there are other symptoms which frequently accompany the condition and may be detected more easily. These include pain (usually a dull chronic pain) in the chest on the right-
Heptomegaly is normally a disease of adults, but it can arise in children for various causes. Alcohol abuse is rare in children for obvious reasons, so the most common cause of liver disease is not present most of the time. However, hereditary conditions, viral infections, and sometimes obesity can cause liver disease in children as in adults, and sometimes this can lead to heptomegaly. Two childhood illnesses, Alagille's syndrome and Reye's syndrome, can produce heptomegaly. Some of these conditions are quite serious (Reye's syndrome can be fatal).
The prognosis for a patient with heptomegaly depends on the liver condition causing it and how advanced it is. Many liver diseases can be arrested or reversed with lifestyle changes or antiviral treatments. In some very serious cases, such as advanced cirrhosis of the liver or cancer of the liver, survival becomes an issue and more aggressive treatments may be necessary.
There is no treatment for heptomegaly as such. Instead, doctors will seek to treat the underlying liver disease. For most liver diseases, the preferred treatment consists of lifestyle changes. If the liver disease is caused by alcohol abuse, the obvious prescription is to stop drinking. If obesity is the problem, doctors will recommend gradual weight loss. Treatment of causes such as diabetes or viral infections will often alleviate the liver disease as well.
For advanced, life-
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